Namens de Duitse organisatie European Center for Constitutional Rights (ECCHR) is een aangifte ingediend tegen diverse Nederlandse en in Nederland gevestigde kledingbedrijven. De aangifte ziet op het vermoeden van Oeigoerse dwangarbeid in de leverancierketen (supply chain) van deze kledingbedrijven. Sinds een aantal jaar wordt melding gemaakt van de massale opsluiting van de Oeigierse minderheid in kampen door China. In de kampen worden minderheden vervolgens onderworpen aan ernstige mensenrechtenschendingen, waaronder dwangarbeid. Het is ook bekend dat de producten van deze dwangarbeid vervolgens in de aanvoerketens van Westerse producenten belanden.
ECCHR meent dat deze bedrijven zich hiermee schuldig maken aan het profijt trekken van arbeidsuitbuiting en misdrijven tegen de menselijkheid. Zij hebben daarom besloten tot het doen van aangifte. De aangifte maakt deel uit van een Europese campagne. Eerder werden al aangiftes ingediend in Frankrijk en Duitsland.
Een uitgebreid persbericht van cliënt (in het Engels) is hieronder weergegeven.
The European Center for Constitutional Rights (ECCHR) with the support of Prakken d’Oliveira Human Rights Lawyers submitted a criminal complaint against several Dutch and US textile and fashion brands who have their European headquarters in the Netherlands. They argue that Patagonia, Nike, C&A and State of Art may have been directly or indirectly complicit in the forced labor of members of the Uyghur population in China's Xinjiang province. They ask the Dutch Public Prosecutor to investigate the corporations’ alleged complicity in human rights violations that could amount to crimes against humanity.
“The choice to not only focus on national criminal law regarding labour exploitation, but to broaden the complaint to crimes against humanity, underlines the scale of the crimes that are committed in Xinjian and aligns with statements from politicians and NGOs that have qualified the treatment of Uyghurs in Xinjiang as genocide and crimes against humanity,” says Barbara van Straaten, Human Rights Lawyer, Prakken d'Oliveira.
Alarming reports about torture, re-education camps, and forced labor in the Xinjiang region in China have increased in frequency since 2017. According to Amnesty International, the Chinese government systematically persecutes the Muslim Uyghur minority in Xinjiang. Tens of thousands are allegedly forced to harvest cotton and manufacture clothing – which are also sold on the European market. Research reports, as well as publicly available supply chain information disclosed by the investigated brands, explicitly state that the companies have suppliers with production facilities in Xinjiang.
“It is unacceptable that European governments criticize China for human rights violations while these companies possibly profit from the exploitation of the Uyghur population. It is high time that responsible corporate officers are investigated and – if necessary - held to account,” says Corina Ajder, Legal Advisor, ECCHR.
The Amsterdam-based Centre for Research on Multinational Corporations (SOMO) and the Netherlands Clean Clothes Campaign (SKC) welcome the filing of the criminal complaint and urge the Dutch public prosecutor to take up the complaint and begin its own investigations. “The eminent lack of supply chain and trade flow transparency makes it very difficult for labor rights organizations to investigate possible violations of workers’ rights. Voluntary corporate initiatives have failed to deliver sufficient transparency and better working conditions in the global garment industry,” say SOMO and SKC.
The complaint in the Netherlands is part of a series of criminal complaints in Europe against Western brands regarding their alleged involvement in Xinjiang. In September 2021, ECCHR submitted a similar complaint in Germany and in April 2021, we supported a criminal complaint brought by Sherpa in France.
A Q&A about this case can be found here.