Today, the Council of State ruled that the appeals filed by the Dutch immigration authorities (IND) and the Congolese witnesses at the International Criminal Court (ICC), are both unfounded. The decision by the district court of Amsterdam has been upheld, whilst the reasons underpinning that decision have been amended. This marks the end of the national asylum-procedure. The European Court of Human Rights will now be asked to assess whether a real risk of inhuman treatment in case of forced deportation to Congo can be excluded.

The Congolese witnesses are represented by lawyers Flip Schüller, Göran Sluiter and Marieke van Eik.

Read the press release here.


  • Decisions by the Council of State (1, 2, 3) (in Dutch)


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Prakken d'Oliveira, formerly known as Böhler, is a law firm with expertise and experience in asylum and immigration law, European law, administrative law, international criminal law and human rights. Our lawyers provide advice and conduct procedures before the Dutch Immigration and Naturalization Service (IND), the Dutch Review Committee on the Intelligence and Security Services (CTIVD), the District- and Appeals courts, the Administrative Law Division of the Dutch Council of State, the Supreme Court of the Netherlands, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR), the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ), the Human Rights Treaty Bodies of the United Nations (UN), the International Criminal Court (ICC), and other international tribunals.